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Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

What Is the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)?

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is the first and largest securities market in Quite a while and was laid out in 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers' Association. Situated in Mumbai, India, the BSE records close to 6,000 companies and is perhaps of the largest exchange in the world, alongside the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Nasdaq, London Stock Exchange Group, Japan Exchange Group, and Shanghai Stock Exchange.

The BSE has fostered India's capital markets, including the retail debt market, and has developed the Indian corporate sector. The BSE is Asia's most memorable stock exchange and furthermore incorporates an equities trading platform for little and-medium endeavors (SME). BSE has diversified into giving other capital market services including clearing, settlement, and risk management.

How the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Works

In 1995, the BSE changed from an open-floor to an electronic trading system. There are in excess of twelve electronic exchanges in the U.S. alone with the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq being the most widely known.

Today, electronic trading systems rule the financial industry overall, offering less errors, faster execution, and better effectiveness than traditional open-objection trading systems. Securities that the BSE records incorporate stocks, stock futures, stock options, index futures, index options, and week after week options.

The BSE's overall performance is estimated by the Sensex, a benchmark index of 30 of the BSE's largest and most actively traded stocks covering 12 sectors. Appearing in 1986, the Sensex is India's most seasoned stock index. Likewise called the "BSE 30," the index extensively addresses the piece of India's whole market.

Dalal Street

The Bombay Stock Exchange is situated on Dalal Street in downtown Mumbai, India. During the 1850s, stockbrokers would conduct business under a banyan tree in front of the Mumbai town lobby. Following years and years of different meeting locations, Dalal Street was formally chosen in 1874 as the location for the Native Share and Stock Brokers' Association, the herald organization that would ultimately turn into the BSE.

Mumbai is currently a major financial center in India and Dalal Street is home to a large number of banks, investment firms, and related financial service companies. The significance of Dalal Street to India is like that of Wall Street in the United States. Indian investors and the press will refer to the investment activity of Dalal Street and will involve it as a figure of discourse to address the Indian financial industry.

Dalal in Marathi means a "specialist" or "middle person."

Other Major International Stock Exchanges

Notwithstanding the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), other major international stock exchanges include:

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is viewed as the largest equities-based exchange in the world, in light of the total market capitalization of its listed securities. NYSE was formerly a private organization however became public in 2005 after it acquired the electronic trading exchange Archipelago.


Nasdaq is a worldwide electronic marketplace and the benchmark index for U.S. technology stocks. National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) made Nasdaq in 1971 to empower investors to trade securities on a fast, mechanized, and transparent system. Today "Nasdaq" likewise alludes to the Nasdaq Composite, an index of in excess of 3,000 listed technology companies including Apple, Google, Microsoft, Oracle, Amazon, Intel, and Amgen.

London Stock Exchange (LSE)

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is the primary U.K. stock exchange and largest in Europe. The LSE developed after several regional exchanges merged in 1973. LSE was first called the Stock Exchange of Great Britain and Ireland. 100 of the top blue chips on the LSE form the Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE) 100 Share Index or "Footsie."

Other major international stock exchanges in Asia incorporate the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) and the Shanghai Stock Exchange.


  • The BSE has been instrumental in fostering India's capital markets by giving an efficient platform to the Indian corporate sector to raise investment capital.
  • The BSE empowers investors to trade in equities, currencies, debt instruments, derivatives, and mutual funds.
  • The BSE is known for its electronic trading system that gives fast and efficient trade execution.
  • The BSE likewise gives other important capital market trading services like risk management, clearing, settlement, and investor education.
  • Laid out in 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers' Association, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is Asia's most memorable exchange and the largest securities market in India.