Investor's wiki



What Is an Industry?

An industry is a group of companies that are connected in light of their primary business activities. In modern economies, there are many industry classifications. Industry classifications are typically grouped into larger categories called sectors.

Individual companies are generally classified into an industry in light of their largest wellsprings of revenue. For instance, while an automobile manufacturer could have a financing division that contributes 10% to the association's overall revenues, the company would be classified in the automaker industry by most classification systems.

Grasping an Industry

Comparative businesses are grouped into industries in view of the primary product created or sold. This actually makes industry groups, which can then be utilized to disengage businesses from the people who participate in various activities. Investors and [economists](/financial analyst) frequently study industries to better grasp the factors and limitations of corporate profit growth. Companies operating in a similar industry can likewise measure up to one another to assess the relative engaging quality of a company inside that industry.

Stocks of companies operating inside a similar industry will generally have comparative stock price developments. This is due to call companies inside a given industry facing similar headwinds, difficulties, and broad victories.

Special Considerations

Stocks inside a similar industry frequently rise and fall as a group on the grounds that the equivalent macroeconomic factors impact all individuals from an industry. These macroeconomic factors can remember changes for market sentiment with respect to investors — like those in light of a response to a particular event or piece of information — as well as changes directed specifically towards the specific industry, like new regulations or increased raw material costs.

Be that as it may, events connecting with just one particular business can make the associated stock rise or fall separately from others inside a similar industry. This can be the consequence of certain events, including a separating product release, a corporate scandal in the news, or a change in leadership structures.

Industries versus Sectors

While the two sectors and industries are classification systems used to group comparative types of business operations, sectors are broader than industries.

For instance, retail trade is a sector inside the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), and inside that sector are industries, for example, wellbeing and personal care stores, clothing stores, and shoe stores. Ritual Aid Corporation and Gap, Inc. are individuals from similar consumer goods sector, yet each eventual listed in an alternate industry in view of the specifics of the products they produce or sell. Ceremony Aid Corporation is classified inside the wellbeing and personal care stores (NAICS Code 44610), while Gap, Inc. is classified inside both the apparel stores industry (NAICS Code 448130) and clothing frill industry (NAICS 448150).

It's important to note that a single company can live in two distinct industries or two unique sectors. As well as being inside the consumer goods sector, Rite Aid is viewed as part of the personal services sector also inside the photofinishing laboratories industry. Since they foster photos as well as selling consumer goods, they are assigned various NAICS codes (NAICS Code 812921 for their photograph department).

The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), developed by the United States, Canada, and Mexico, is the standard whereupon government agencies group businesses while accumulating statistical data. In the NAICS hierarchy, companies that utilization comparative production processes are sorted in a similar industry.

The NAICS is evaluated and changed like clockwork, and the most recent version was released in 2022. This most recent release of industry codes best reflects company classifications, especially in industries that have gone through large changes starting around 2017.

Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS)

The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) is likewise a generally referred to classification system. GICS allocates each public company to an economic sector and industry group that best characterizes its business. The GICS was developed jointly by Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) and Standard and Poor's (S&P) in 1999. It was made to be an efficient investment device to capture the breadth, depth, and advancement of industry sectors. The GICS methodology is utilized by the MSCI indexes, investors, analysts, and financial specialists to compare and difference contending companies.

The GICS is a four-layered, hierarchical industry classification system. As per the GICS hierarchy, there are 11 economic sectors. These sectors are additionally partitioned into 24 industry groups, 69 industries, and 158 sub-industries. Each stock has a code to recognize it at every one of the four of these levels. For instance, "materials" is an economic sector. Inside materials, there are various industries: synthetic compounds, construction materials, holders and bundling, metals and mining, and paper and forest products.


  • Comparable companies are grouped together into industries, and there are a number of various industries, for example, department stores and shoemakers.
  • The North American Industry Classification System is the standard classification system utilized by government agencies to arrange companies into sectors or industries.
  • On the other hand, the Global Industry Classification Standard assigned each company an economic sector and industry group.
  • Companies inside a comparative industry will frequently perform in much the same way due to macroeconomic conditions aiding or harming all companies a similar across the industry.
  • Industry grouping depends on the primary product that a company makes or sells. In the mean time, industries are grouped together into sectors.


What Is an Example of an Industry?

The NAICS classified 'Money and Insurance' just like own high level sector. Inside this sector, there are various groups, for example, credit intermediaries, financial investment companies, insurance transporters, funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles. A specific NAICS industry is Commercial Banking, and it is assigned its own classification code (522110).

What Is the Difference Between an Industry and a Sector?

A sector is much of the time a more broad term than industry. In the model over, the sector for the two companies was the consumer goods sector. Notwithstanding, this sector can be broken into various consumables like garments or personal wellbeing. Accordingly, sectors are frequently additionally separated into industries that further group comparative companies in light of an even lower level of insight about their products and operations.

What number of Different Industries Are There?

Different classification systems will group and report industries in an unexpected way. The NAICS has historically grouped companies into around 20 sectors, approximately 100 subsectors, and north of 1,000 six-digit NAICS industry codes.

What Is the Difference Between an Industry and a Business?

An industry is a more broad term than frequently compasses different businesses. A single business can operate in any industry. At the point when an assortment of individual businesses operate likewise and produce comparative output, they might be grouped together and classified inside a similar industry.