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U.S. Treasury

U.S. Treasury

What Is the U.S. Treasury?

The U.S. Treasury, made in 1789, is the government department responsible for giving all Treasury bonds, notes, and bills. Among the government departments operating under the U.S. Treasury umbrella are the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the U.S. Mint, the Bureau of the Fiscal Service, and the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau.

Key elements of the U.S. Treasury incorporate printing bills, postage, and Federal Reserve notes, minting coins, gathering taxes, authorizing tax laws, dealing with all government accounts and debt issues, and managing U.S. banks in cooperation with the Federal Reserve. The secretary of the Treasury is responsible for international monetary and financial policy, including foreign exchange intervention.

Figuring out the U.S. Treasury

The U.S. Treasury is the Cabinet-level department responsible for advancing economic growth and security. It was laid out by the First Congress of the United States, which assembled in New York on March 4, 1789, following the approval of the Constitution. The secretary of the Treasury is nominated by the president and must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate.


The U.S. Constitution was endorsed in 1788, supplanting the Articles of Confederation, under which the U.S. had worked during and promptly following the American Revolution. The Constitution accommodated a lot more grounded federal government, and the foundation of a centralized Treasury Department was an important part of that.

Alexander Hamilton was the first secretary of the Treasury and served until 1795. Among his major achievements while he was secretary of the Treasury were the federal government's assumption of the states' debts connected with the American Revolution, provisions for the payment of war bonds, and the institution of a system for the assortment of federal taxes.

Internal Revenue Service

In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln executed a income tax to pay for the Civil War and in 1862, he made the position of commissioner of internal revenue. That tax was revoked in 1872, yet the office lived on. The income tax as it exists presently started with the 1913 approval of the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and the IRS assumed responsibility for assortment and enforcement.

Treasury Bills and Bonds

Getting by the Treasury is finished through the issuance of more limited term notes, called bills, and longer-term bonds. The bonds have a maturity of up to 30 years. Treasury bonds are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, and as such are famous investments by governments, companies, and people worldwide.

The Federal Reserve Bank trades the bills and bonds to control the country's money supply and oversee interest rates.

Who Runs the Treasury Department?

The Treasury Department is going by the secretary of the Treasury who is nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate. Janet Yellen is the Treasury Secretary in the Biden-Harris administration. Yellen was already the chair of the Federal Reserve from 2014-2018. She is the first lady to hold either position.

Yellen's top delegate at the Treasury Department is Adewale "Wally" Adeyemo assuming he is confirmed by the Senate. He is a veteran of the Obama administration and an expert on large scale economic policy and consumer protection with national security experience.


  • The U.S. Treasury is a government department in charge of dealing with every single federal finance.
  • Janet Yellen, former chair of the Federal Reserve, is the current Treasury secretary. She is the first lady to hold either position.
  • It is responsible for gathering taxes, paying bills, overseeing currency, government accounts, and public debt.
  • The Department of the Treasury authorizes finance and tax laws, as well as issues treasury bonds, viewed as the most secure and most liquid securities worldwide.