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Absolute Advantage

Absolute Advantage

An economics concept where one party enjoys a direct benefit in proficiency in delivering/giving a specific decent or service over another party.


  • A concept developed by Adam Smith, absolute advantage can be the basis for large gains from trade between producers of various goods with various absolute advantages.
  • Absolute advantage can be stood out from comparative advantage, which is the ability to create goods and services at a lower opportunity cost.
  • By specialization, division of labor, and trade, producers with various absolute advantages can continuously gain more than delivering and consuming in disconnection.
  • Absolute advantage is the point at which a producer can give a decent or service in greater quantity for a similar cost, or a similar quantity at a lower cost, than its rivals.


How Might Absolute Advantage Benefit a Nation?

The concept of absolute advantage was developed by Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations to demonstrate the way that countries can gain by represent considerable authority in delivering and exporting the goods that they produce more efficiently than different countries, and bringing in goods different countries produce all the more efficiently. Work in and trading products that they enjoy an absolute benefit in can benefit the two countries as long as they each have no less than one product for which they hold an absolute advantage over the other.

What Are Examples of Nations With an Absolute Advantage?

A reasonable illustration of a nation with an absolute advantage is Saudi Arabia, The simplicity with which it can arrive at its oil supplies, which significantly decreases the cost of extraction, is its absolute advantage over other nations.Other models incorporate Colombia and its environment — obviously fit to developing coffee — or Zambia having a portion of the world's most extravagant copper mines. For Saudi Arabia to try and develop coffee and Colombia to bore for oil would be a very costly and, probable, unproductive endeavor.

How Does Absolute Advantage Differ From Comparative Advantage?

Absolute advantage is the ability of an entity to create a product or service at a lower absolute cost for each unit utilizing fewer information sources or a more efficient cycle than another entity delivering a similar decent or service. Comparative advantage alludes to the ability to create goods and services at a lower opportunity cost, not really at a greater volume or quality.