Investor's wiki

Activity Ratios

Activity Ratios

What Is an Activity Ratio?

An activity ratio is a type of financial metric that demonstrates how proficiently a company is utilizing the assets on its balance sheet, to produce revenues and cash. Usually alluded to as efficiency ratios, activity ratios assist analysts with checking how a company handles inventory management, which is key to its operational smoothness and overall fiscal wellbeing.

Figuring out Activity Ratios

Activity ratios are most helpful when employed to compare two contending businesses inside a similar industry to decide how a specific company stacks up among its friends. However, activity ratios may likewise be utilized to follow a company's fiscal progress over numerous recording periods, to recognize changes over the long haul. These numbers can be planned to introduce a forward-looking image of a company's prospective performance.

Activity ratios can be broken down into the following sub-classes:

Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

The accounts receivable turnover ratio decides an entity's ability to collect money from its customers. Total credit sales are separated by the average accounts receivable balance for a specific period. A low ratio recommends a deficiency in the collection cycle.

Merchandise Inventory Turnover Ratio

The merchandise inventory turnover ratio measures how frequently the inventory balance is sold during a accounting period. The cost of goods sold is partitioned by the average inventory for a specific period. Higher estimations propose that a company can move its inventory effortlessly.

Total Assets Turnover Ratio

The total assets turnover ratio measures how productively an entity utilizes its assets to tender a sale. Total sales are partitioned by total assets to translate how capably a business utilizes its assets. More modest ratios might demonstrate that a company is battling to move its products.

Return on Equity

A performance metric knows as return on equity (ROE) measures the revenues raised from shareholder equity. ROE is calculated by separating net income by all outstanding stock shares in the market.

Asset Turnover Ratio

A measurement called the asset turnover ratio measures the amount of revenue a company produces for each dollar of assets. This figure, which is just calculated by separating a company's sales by its total assets, uncovers how productively a company is utilizing its assets to create sales.

Activity Ratios Vs. Profitability Ratios

Activity ratios and profitability ratios are both fundamental insightful instruments that assist investors with assessing various features of a company's fiscal strength. Profitability ratios portray a company's profit generation, while productivity ratios measure how well a company uses its resources to create those profits. Profitability ratios might assist analysts with contrasting a company's profits and those of its industry rivals, while likewise tracking similar company's progress across several different reporting periods.


  • An activity ratio comprehensively depicts any type of financial metric that assists investors and research analysts with measuring how effectively a company utilizes its assets to create revenues and cash.
  • Activity ratios can be partitioned into merchandise inventory turnover ratios, total assets turnover ratios, return on equity measurements, and a range of different metrics.
  • Activity ratios might be used to compare two distinct businesses inside a similar sector, or they might be utilized to monitor a single company's fiscal wellbeing over the long haul.