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Berry Ratio

Berry Ratio

What Is the Berry Ratio?

The Berry ratio compares a company's gross profit to its operating expenses. This ratio is utilized as an indicator of a company's profit in a given period. A ratio coefficient of at least 1 demonstrates that the company is creating a gain over every variable expense, though a coefficient below 1 shows that the firm is losing money.

Formula and Calculation of the Berry Ratio

To work out the Berry ratio, you take gross profit, or gross margin, and separation it by operating expenses. The formula is as per the following:
Berry Ratio=Gross MarginOperating Expenses\textbf=\frac{\textbf}{\textbf}
Gross margin is calculated as net sales or revenue minus the [cost of goods sold](/machine gear-pieces). It shows the amount of revenue a company holds subsequent to considering the direct costs to deliver the goods or services that created that revenue.

Operating expenses are the expenses that a company causes during its normal course of business. This incorporates things like rent, payroll, inventory, and equipment.

Everything the Berry Ratio Can Say to You

The Berry ratio is named after Dr. Charles Berry, an American economics teacher who developed the method as part of expert declaration during a 1979 transfer pricing court case among DuPont and the United States.

The DuPont case included a distributor who likewise performed related marketing services. Berry examined the performance of the distribution business. As part of his analysis, Berry compared the ratio of gross profit to operating expenses to the ratios of third-party companies that were comparable in nature.

As such, Berry managed to evaluate the return that the DuPont distributor earned on its worth adding distribution activities, however featuring the assumption that the costs of these activities were part of the distributor's operating expenses.

Since the mid 1990s, the Berry ratio has been recognized in U.S. transfer pricing regulations. In any case, in practice, it has been minimal utilized. No doubt that is due to its long-term status as an undefined method — considered by some as to some degree "obscure" — and having been refered to by certain scholastics as being one of the most abused transfer pricing analysis ratios.

A company's financial health is troublesome and close to difficult to check with just one financial ratio. All companies ought to be assessed utilizing numerous data points to measure their true financial profile.

Illustration of How to Use the Berry Ratio

Company ABC makes gadgets. It sells its gadgets for $10. In the main quarter of the year, ABC sold 1,000 gadgets, acquiring revenue of $10,000. Presently, the cost of making these gadgets incorporates the raw materials expected to make them, which amounts to $3 per gadget. For 1,000 gadgets, the cost of goods sold for the quarter is $3,000.

Company ABC has a gross margin of $7,000 ($10,000-$3,000) for each of the gadgets it sold in the main quarter. Company ABC's operating expenses for the period added up to $1,500, which incorporates rent, employee wages, and inventory costs. The Berry ratio for this period would be gross margins ($7,000)/operating expenses ($1,500) = 4.7. This is essentially higher than 1, demonstrating that Company ABC is performing great concerning profitability.

What Is a Good Berry Ratio?

A decent Berry ratio, one that demonstrates financial strength, is 1 or above. The higher the Berry ratio, the more grounded the profitability of the company.


  • The ratio is an indicator of a company's profit in a given period; a ratio of at least 1 shows that a company's profit is above operating expenses, while a ratio below 1 demonstrates that a company is losing money.
  • The Berry ratio is utilized in transfer pricing however today is an only from time to time used ratio due to the unknown idea of cost allocation in accounting.
  • Dr. Charles Berry was the economist that developed the Berry ratio as part of expert declaration during a 1979 transfer pricing court case among DuPont and the United States.
  • The Berry ratio is a financial ratio that compares a company's gross profit to its operating expenses.