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Book-To-Ship Ratio

Book-To-Ship Ratio

What Is the Book-To-Ship Ratio?

The book-to-ship ratio measures the ratio of orders being shipped for immediate delivery, and consequently billed, to orders booked for future delivery. This ratio can be utilized to assist with estimating a company's productivity and distinguish possible issues in internal and outside supply chains.

Formula and Calculation of the Book-To-Ship Ratio

The formula for the book-to-ship ratio is:
Book-To-Ship Ratio=Value of Orders ReceivedValue of Orders Shippedwhere:Value of Orders Received =Monetary value of all salesin a given periodValue of Orders Shipped =Monetary value of allpurchased products shipped in a given period\begin &\text = \frac { \text }{ \text } \ &\textbf \ &\text = \text \ &\text \ &\text = \text \ &\text \ \end

Everything that the Book-To-Ship Ratio Can Say to You

All in the event that the book-to-ship ratio is greater than 1, it shows that a company has not conveyed its orders. This could show either a shortage or back order of required supplies or that the company's production or it are too delayed to ship processes. On the off chance that it is 1, the company is straightforwardly on time; on the off chance that it is below 1, the company has excess inventory available.

All for instance, assuming approaching orders for the quarter were $100 million and shipments for the quarter were $50 million, then, at that point, the book-to-ship ratio would be 2, demonstrating that the company isn't filling its orders in an opportune fashion.

In the event that the company is making a simple product like gadgets, which have quick turnaround times from order to shipment, then this high book-to-ship ratio could be indicative of issues in one or the other manufacturing or shipping.

It additionally could just mean that its current production process essentially can't handle the demand levels for its product, which would require the company to extend its production capacities if it has any desire to satisfy this need. The book-to-ship ratio is a strong indicator of effectiveness.

On the off chance that a business is persistently neglecting to meet its conveyances on time, this could have extreme outcomes. Customers might be baffled with the extensive delivery times and search out quicker providers, bringing about the company losing business.

The Difference Between the Book-To-Ship Ratio and the Book-To-Bill Ratio

The book-to-ship ratio is like a connected financial ratio, book-to-bill, which compares the orders received by a company to the orders shipped.

The book-to-ship ratio is introduced in a monetary fashion, though the book-to-bill ratio is introduced as an order, or inventory, fashion, both contrasting a company's ability with satisfy its orders as soon a possible. Each value can be of specific significance to certain industries, however fundamentally, the two of them give a similar data.

Illustration of How to Use the Book-To-Ship Ratio

To act as an illustration of the ratio's convenience in assessing an industry, expect the book-to-ship ratio (or book-to-bill) is delivered month to month for the semiconductor industry.

Contingent upon the average number of the book-to-ship ratio for the companies assessed, analysts and specialists are given a reasonable and effective indication of whether orders for chips are rising or falling and at what price. Long-and short-term appraisals can then be derived for chip demand, which can drive stock prices for semiconductor and technology stocks the same.

For instance, if the average book-to-ship ratio for the semiconductor industry was under 1, then this would show excess supply, meaning that demand has not been high for semiconductors. This might make investors be bearish on semiconductor stocks.

These assessments can additionally feed into economic viewpoints and trade policymaking. The book-to-ship ratio is viewed as an important leading indicator of demand trends. Leading indicators are indicators that typically, however not consistently, change before the economy as a whole changes. They are accordingly valuable as short-term predictors of the economy.


  • The book-to-ship ratio is like the book-to-bill ratio, which measures the number of orders being submitted to the number of requests being shipped, instead of the monetary value of the orders.
  • A book-to-ship ratio of 1 demonstrates a company is meeting its orders in a convenient fashion, while a book-to-ship ratio greater than 1 shows a company isn't meeting its orders quickly enough and requirements to reexamine its processes, and a book-to-ship ratio below 1 demonstrates excess inventory.
  • The book-to-ship ratio assists a company with assessing both the productivity of its production interaction and supply chain and its ability to fulfill the need for its products.
  • On the off chance that a company experiences issues meeting the demand for its products in an opportune fashion, then this can essentially impact its profitability, especially as it connects with customer retention.
  • The book-to-ship ratio measures the total value of orders being shipped to the total value of orders put with a company.