Investor's wiki

Capitalization Of Profits

Capitalization Of Profits

What Is Capitalization Of Profits?

Capitalization of profits is the use of a corporation's retained earnings (RE) to pay a bonus to shareholders as dividends or extra shares. It is a reward to shareholders, distributed in relation to the number of shares each possesses.

Figuring out Capitalization Of Profits

Capital means assets of value. In this way, capitalization of profits suggests that a company is transforming its cash reserves into assets of value, and transferring those assets to shareholders.

A company's cash reserves are its profits. This is the money it has received as payment for its products or services, far in excess of what it has spent to deliver them. There are a couple of ways that a company can use its profits. It can furrow the money back into the business, utilizing it to improve or grow its product lines, or it can keep it on the balance sheet for some future, yet-unidentified opportunity.

On the other hand, the company can return some or all of that profit to its shareholders, as cash dividends or new shares. The capitalization of profits by giving extra shares no affects a corporation's book value. It just transfers funds from RE, or profits, to assets for shareholders. In that sense, the company is utilizing money however not losing it.

There is dependably pressure on a company to use its profits, and utilizing them to reward shareholders is consistently a well known option.

A corporation might be limited by its own articles from giving bonus shares over a certain amount. In such cases, the corporate officers just change the articles to raise.

Different Uses of Capitalization

The word capitalization has a befuddling number of uses in the financial world. As a general rule, it means transforming something into money or giving money. For example, investors give a company capitalization by buying shares of its stock.

A couple of the more normal utilizations of the term capitalization include:

  • Market capitalization, or market cap, is a measure of the genuine value of a company. It is calculated by duplicating the current share price by the number of shares outstanding.
  • Large capitalization, medium capitalization, or small capitalization, all the more commonly called large cap, medium cap, and small cap, is a method for lumping companies into categories based on their size or market cap.
  • Thin capitalization means that a company has an extreme amount of debt in comparison to its overall shareholder equity (SE).


  • The cycle no affects a corporation's book value.
  • Rewarding shareholders is one of the primary uses of corporate cash reserves.
  • Capitalization of profits is the use of corporate reserves to pay a bonus to shareholders as cash or extra shares.