Investor's wiki



What Is B3/B-?

B3/B-alludes to the letter grades ratings agencies assign to companies, issuers, and securities that are viewed as speculative and carry a greater degree of risk than investment grade bonds. In the world of junk bonds, a B3/B-rating is about as low of a rating as most investors will acknowledge.

Grasping B3/B-

Credit ratings fall into two broad categories: investment grade (high grade) and speculative-grade. The last option is likewise called non-investment grade, high yield, or derisively, junk (i.e., junk bonds). Companies viewed as investment grade generally have long histories, large and stable cash flows, high profitability, strong market management groups with a history of good execution on business strategy, and strong market shares.

The boundary between investment grade and non-investment grade is BBB-. Non-investment grade ratings demonstrate riskier industry and business profiles, altogether less financial stability and flexibility, meaning greater vulnerability including their ability to repay debt.

Inside the non-investment grade category, BB-evaluated companies and substances are thought of as safer than those with low single B ratings. B3/B-ratings imply a higher risk of default and greater risk to investors or policyholders. Moody's assigns its B3 rating for "obligations considered speculative and subject to high credit risk." Entities that receive this rating might be encountering financial instability or hold deficient cash reserves relative to their business needs, debt or other financial obligations.

Ratings and Investment Risk

Ratings are intended to be indicators of the ratee's creditworthiness. The ratings agencies measure both ability and eagerness to pay in showing up at their ratings. Importantly, the agencies' ratings are viewed as conclusions as opposed to investment proposals. The three principal agencies, those whose ratings have the most clout with regulators, lenders and investors are Moody's, Standard and Poor's (S&P) and Fitch. While Fitch and S&P grade companies on a straight A-D scale, Moody's scale utilizes a mix of letters and numbers.

Since the grades assigned by the different ratings agencies are based basically upon their judgment of creditworthiness, they are deciphered as measuring the probability of default for a given issuer or issue. Be that as it may, credit stability and priority of payment are additionally calculated in. Ratings agencies add further setting to their ratings by assigning viewpoints. Issuers can have Positive, Stable or Negative standpoints joined to their ratings. These are intended to give an indicator of the possible next probably move (up or descending) concerning credit rating. Company (issuer) ratings might contrast from those of the debt they issue. For example, debt issued by a company's subsidiary can have an unexpected rating in comparison to it does, reflecting differences in creditworthiness and repayment ability. Furthermore, various types of debt issued by a similar company can all have various ratings.

Ratings play an important job in professional investors' choices because of government regulations that require many types of debt to have ratings from two unique ratings agencies. Additionally, numerous investment funds have approaches/rules that confine their securities holdings to investment-grade debt or place limits on how much non-investment grade debt can be held.


  • B3/B-is a credit rating utilized by Moody's, S&P, and Fitch for an issued debt instrument that are at the bottom finish of junk bonds
  • The next step below would be C-appraised bonds, which are highly speculative and risky.
  • Moody's purposes the B3 rating, while S&P and Fitch use B-.