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Alaska Permanent Fund

Alaska Permanent Fund

What Is the Alaska Permanent Fund?

The Alaska Permanent Fund is a investment fund whose investment capital starts from the surplus revenues acquired from the development of Alaska's oil and gas reserves. Managed by the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation, a state-owned corporation, the fund's value was $77.23 billion as of June 17, 2022.

All the Alaska Permanent Fund pays an annual dividend to Alaska's inhabitants that meet certain qualification requirements.

Grasping the Alaska Permanent Fund

The Alaska Permanent Fund is a sovereign wealth fund (SWF), which puts resources into a wide exhibit of asset classes, including domestic stocks, U.S. bonds, global stocks, real estate, and private equity.

Management of the fund is by the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation. After completion of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, which acquainted Alaskan oil with the market in 1976, Alaska's government added a state constitutional amendment setting to the side a share of oil revenues for people in the future of Alaskans. The revenues from these natural reserves form the basis of the Alaska Permanent Fund.

The Alaskan constitution determines that something like 25% of all "mineral lease rentals, eminences, royalty sale proceeds, federal mineral revenue-sharing payments, and bonuses received by the State will be put in a permanent fund."

Dividends of the Alaska Permanent Fund

The Alaska Permanent Fund delivers out annual dividends, called the Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD). To fit the bill for a dividend, the Alaska occupants must have carried on with a full calendar year in the state and must expect to stay in Alaska.

In any case, several factors might reject an individual from qualification. If during the qualifying calendar year, an individual is condemned because of a conviction of a state crime, detained because of a state crime, or sentenced for specific misdeeds, they may at this point not be eligible to collect the PFD.

The dividend payout per person for 2021 is $1,114. This is an increase from the 2020 payout of $992. The highest payout was in 2008 at $2,069. The amount depends on the profits of the fund and can be adjusted by legal intervention. The adjustment is generally a reduction from the expected amount as was seen in 2018.

This dividend payout by the government in view of investment returns from investing oil revenue should be visible as a form of [universal essential income](/fundamental income), however of course, the annual payment amount is too small to be a fitting level of income as a matter of fact.

Investments of the Alaska Permanent Fund

For the 2021 investment target, the fund assesses that 39% of its capital will be invested in public equities and 21% in fixed income. From that point forward, investments will be made in private equity and special opportunities (15% of capital) and private income, infrastructure, and credit (9%).

The fund looks for diversification and an average annual return of 5% or more. As of June 17, 2022, the performance more than five years is 12.27%.

Other Sovereign Wealth Funds

There are nine states other than Alaska which operate sovereign wealth funds. The funds help to finance specific services or to give general revenue to the state government itself. Alabama, Alaska, Louisiana, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming all operate sovereign wealth funds.

A sovereign wealth fund comprises of pools of money derived from a country or state's reserves, set to the side for investment purposes to benefit the country or state's economy and citizens. The funding for a sovereign wealth fund comes from central bank reserves that gather because of budget and trade surpluses. Funds are likewise produced from the exports of natural resources.

The most monstrous sovereign wealth funds are Norway's Government Pension Fund, the United Arab Emirates' Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, and's China Investment Corporation.


  • The fund puts resources into different areas, including equities, fixed income, real estate, and private equity.
  • All Alaskan citizens with a residence of one year or more are eligible, with the exception of the individuals who have been sentenced for state crimes, are imprisoned, or are indicted for specific wrongdoings.
  • The fund, which is a sovereign wealth fund, delivers out annual dividends to each eligible citizen of Alaska.
  • The Alaska Permanent Fund is an investment fund that contributes capital that starts from surplus revenue acquired from Alaska's oil and gas reserves.