Investor's wiki



What Are Dividends and How Do They Work?

Dividends are periodic payments made by a company to its shareholders out of its profits. Dividends are paid on a per-share basis, so the more shares a stockholder claims, the more they receive when dividends are paid out.
Generally speaking, companies possibly pay dividends when they are profitable. That being said, not all profitable companies pay dividends. By and large, it is more normal for more established, more mature companies to pay dividends, as fresher companies tend to reinvest most or every one of their profits in growth and expansion.

How Often Are Dividends Paid?

Dividends are paid out consistently at specific spans (generally quarterly yet here and there annually or month to month). How frequently payments are made to shareholders depends on each company's circumspection, and companies might begin or stop paying dividends freely.
For example, Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL) paid dividends somewhere in the range of 1987 and 1995, then, at that point, stopped paying them for more than 15 years before continuing payments in 2012. Apple's whole dividend history can be found on its website.

Dividend Example: AAPL

October 28, 2021November 8, 2021November 11, 2021$0.22
July 27, 2021August 9, 2021August 12, 2021$0.22
April 28, 2021May 10, 2021May 13, 2021$0.22
January 27, 2021February 8, 2021February 11, 2021$0.21
October 29, 2020November 9, 2020November 12, 2020$0.21
The table above records the dividends paid by Apple to its shareholders from November 2020 to November 2021. The dividend amount listed is per share, so an investor with 100 shares of Apple stock would have received $22 on November 11th, 2021. ## What Is Dividend Yield? [Dividend yield](/dividendyield) is the percentage of a company's current share price that it pays (per share) in dividends annually. Since a company's share price changes continually, its dividend yield does too. This means that on the off chance that a company's stock goes down in value, its dividend yield goes up. Hence, a higher dividend yield isn't generally indicative of a company getting along admirably. ### How Is Dividend Yield Calculated? Dividend yield is calculated by separating the amount a company pays per share annually in dividends by its current share price. For example, in the event that a company pays a dividend of $.50 per share quarterly, and its current share price is $50, then its dividend yield is .04 or 4% in light of the fact that (0.50 * 4)/50 = .04, which compares to 4%. #### Dividend Yield Formula > DY = Dividends Paid per Share Annually/Current Share Price

What Is a Dividend Payout Ratio?

A company's dividend payout ratio is the percentage of its annual earnings (profits) that are paid out to shareholders as dividends. Since it compares a company's dividends to its total earnings rather than its current stock price, numerous investors consider the dividend payout ratio a more stable and instructive measure of the degree to which a company prioritizes dividend payments.

Dividend Payout Ratio Formula

DPR = Total Dividends Paid/Net Income

What Is Dividend Investing?

Dividend investing is an investment strategy that is famous with people who need a passive income stream to supplement (or at times, supplant) their standard income. It includes investing in companies that are known to pay dividends to collect income passively consistently. The dividend payments an investor receives are all notwithstanding any expansions in portfolio value they might experience as the stocks they own go up in value after some time.
This is normally a more extended term strategy since dividend investors must hold the stocks they own for substantial periods of time on the off chance that they wish to keep getting standard payments. That being said, a sharp dividend investor could dump certain stocks to buy others that pay higher or more customary dividends.
Since dividend yield โ€” in any event, for stocks known to have high dividend yields โ€” is rarely over five percent, investors for the most part need to put in a substantial amount of capital to make lucrative passive income streams utilizing this strategy.

What Types of Companies Pay the Highest Dividends?

A wide range of types of companies pay dividends, and dividend payments differ over the long run, so it's generally important to conduct research to figure out what stocks best fit your dividend investment strategy. That being said, the accompanying sectors and industries will generally flaunt an assortment companies known to pay steady and substantial dividends.

  • Utility companies
  • Telecommunications companies
  • Energy companies
  • Substance companies
  • Regional and money center banks
  • Real estate investment trusts

Could You at any point Live Off Dividend Income?

Making a portfolio that permits you to live off dividend income is no simple task, and doing so effectively requires a great deal of capital. To decide how much money you would require to live off dividends, you must first decide how much income you want per year and what dividend yield you think you could possibly realistically accomplish. Partition the annual income you expect by the dividend yield you think you can get to figure out how much money you should invest.
For example, assuming you really want $50,000 per year in income, and you've distinguished a heap of dividend stocks (or a dividend stock ETF or mutual fund) that will land you a 3% yield, partition 50,000 by 0.03. The outcome is $1,666,666.66. At the end of the day, you would have to invest over 1.5 million dollars and set a 3% dividend yield up to receive $50,000 in passive income per year. Along these lines, except if you have a lot of capital at your disposal, supplementing your income with dividends might be more realistic than supplanting it with dividends. Of course, in any dividend-investing scenario, the capital you invested initially would in any case be yours and would almost certainly develop over the long run.

What Do Ex-Dividend Date and Record Date Mean?

The ex-dividend date is the date on or after which any buyer of a stock isn't eligible for the most as of late declared dividend. The date of record happens the next business day. On the date of record, a company examines its records to figure out which shareholders owned the stock before the ex-dividend date and are thusly eligible for the dividend payout.
Put basically, an investor must have bought a stock no less than one business day before the ex-dividend date and no less than two business days before the date of record to be eligible to receive the most as of late declared dividend payment.

How Is Dividend Income Taxed?

Dividend payments are taxed as income except if they come from stocks held in accounts with special tax highlights like 401(k)s or IRAs. Ordinary dividends are taxed at a similar rate as normal income. Different dividends โ€” known as qualified dividends โ€” are taxed at a lower rate than normal income.

What Are Qualified Dividends?

To be qualified, a dividend must be from a U.S. company (or a qualified foreign firm) and the parent stock must have been held for at least 61 days out of the 121 days that started 60 days prior to the ex-dividend date. Certain dividends might be disqualified in light of the fact that they fall into special categories (e.g., they come from a tax-exempt organization or from an employee stock plan).
For more data on how dividends are taxed, visit the IRS website.


  • A dividend is the distribution of corporate earnings to eligible shareholders.
  • Dividend payments and not set in stone by a company's board of directors.
  • The dividend yield is the dividend per share, and expressed as a percentage of a company's share price.
  • Many companies don't pay dividends and on second thought hold earnings to be invested once again into the company.


What Is an Example of a Dividend?

On the off chance that a company's board of directors chooses to issue an annual 5% dividend per share, and the company's shares are worth $100, the dividend is $5. On the off chance that the dividends are issued each quarter, every distribution is $1.25.

How Often Are Dividends Distributed to Shareholders?

Dividends are commonly distributed to shareholders quarterly, however a few companies might pay dividends semi-annually. Payments can be received as cash or as reinvestment into shares of company stock.

Why Are Dividends Important?

However dividends can signal that a company has stable cash flow and is generating profits, they can likewise furnish investors with recurring revenue. Dividend payouts may likewise assist with giving understanding into a company's intrinsic value. Numerous countries additionally offer particular tax treatment to dividends, where they are treated as tax-free income.