Investor's wiki

Barriers to Exit

Barriers to Exit

What Are Barriers from Exit's perspective?

Barriers to exit are obstructions or obstacles that keep a company from exiting a market wherein it is thinking about end of operations, or from which it wishes to separate.

Run of the mill barriers to exit incorporate highly specialized assets, which might be hard to sell or migrate, and high exit costs, for example, asset discounts and closure costs. A common barrier to exit can likewise be the loss of customer goodwill.

Barriers to exit can measure up to barriers to entry.

Understanding Barriers to Exit

A company might choose to exit a market since it can't capture market share or make money. The dynamics of a specific industry or market might change so much that a company might see divestiture or spinoff of the impacted operations and divisions as an option. Be that as it may, conditions, including internal and outer, regulations, and different hindrances, may forestall the division or between related business from being stripped.

For instance, a retailer might wish to dispose of underperforming stores in certain geographic markets — especially assuming the competition has laid out a predominant presence that makes further growth far-fetched. A retailer could likewise wish to leave one location for another that offers possibly higher foot traffic or access to a demographic of customers with higher salaries. Nonetheless, the retailer may be locked into a lease with terms that make it restrictive to close down or leave their current location.

Barriers to exit can incorporate claiming specialized equipment, the regulatory scenery, and environmental ramifications.

Tax Breaks and Regulations

A company might have received certain benefits, for example, tax breaks and awards from the neighborhood government that encouraged it to set up shop in a location. Those incentives might have accompanied high punishments in the event that the company endeavors to move its operations before satisfying the obligations and terms framed in the deal.

Government regulations could likewise make it challenging for a company to exit a market. Banks are in many cases thought about essential for lending and advancing economic growth in a region. In the event that there are insufficient banks or competition in an area, the government could block the sale of a bank to another party.

Costly Equipment

High barriers to exit could force a company to keep contending in the market, which would strengthen competition. Specialized manufacturing is an illustration of an industry with high barriers to exit since it requires a large up-front investment in equipment that can perform specific tasks.

To switch to another form of business, there may be financial requirements due to the large sum of capital or money previously invested in the cost of the equipment. Until those costs have been covered, the company might not have the resources to venture into another line of business.

Impact on the Environment

Modern companies that wish to exit can face broad cleanup costs if taking into account closing a factory or production facility that utilized or created materials that left environmental hazards at the site. The expense of removing the material might offset the benefit of migrating the operation.

Special Considerations

High barriers to exit could hurt existing companies yet could likewise set out open doors for new companies hoping to enter the sector. Another company could buy up the assets of a company wishing to exit at a positive price. The company selling the assets probably won't be in a decent bargaining posture, due to debt or unprofitability, to collect a high price for the assets.

In different circumstances, companies could buy distressed assets of a contender to keep another company from entering the market. Assuming that a company is attempting to leave an industry that had high barriers to exit, a contender can utilize the high barriers to exit to their approval and arrange a low price for the assets. Albeit the cost may be huge for the company making the purchase, it would dispense with a contender and keep another company from entering the market by purchasing the assets.

Illustration of Barriers to Exit

Suppose Delta Airlines needs to exit its business however has a substantial amount of debt owed to financial backers — reserves that were utilized to purchase planes. Planes must be utilized by the airline industry, significance they're specific assets. Likewise, contingent upon the age of the planes, the assets could have a low scrap value.

Subsequently, Delta could experience issues finding a buyer for the planes to pay off any debt and exit the industry. Delta would need to track down a rival in the industry that had the capital to buy the fleet or seek the government for financial assistance.


  • Barriers to exit are deterrents or obstructions that keep a company from exiting a market or industry.
  • Common barriers to exit incorporate highly specialized assets, which might be challenging to sell or move, and high exit costs, for example, asset discounts and closure costs.
  • The government can be a barrier to exit on the off chance that a company is highly regulated or received tax breaks for moving to a location.