# Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR ## What Is the Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR?

The compound net annual rate (CNAR) is an investment's return subsequent to accounting for taxes. While like the compound annual growth rate (CAGR), CNAR is the net after taxes. The compound net annual rate will be not exactly the CAGR given taxes, however it is a better representation of an investor's genuine returns given most investments have tax suggestions.

## The Formula for Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR Is

$\begin &\text = \text \times ( 1 - \text ) \ &\textbf \ &\text = \text \ \end$

## Step by step instructions to Calculate the Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR

The compound net annual rate is calculated as the annual rate of return times 1 less the tax rate.

## What Does CNAR Tell You?

The compound net annual rate (CNAR) measures the return an investor gains during a year for an investment after money is deducted for taxes. Of course, this calculation just applies to taxable investments. Contrasting the rate of return after taxes and before taxes can assist an investor with evaluating the effect of tax liability on their investment.

The calculated effect of taxation on returns can be utilized for tax planning and long-term financial planning purposes. The majority of investments have tax suggestions, yet the returns showed by banks and financial institutions just show pre-tax returns.

## Illustration of How to Use Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR

Suppose an investor held shares of Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) for the whole year in 2018 and have a 20% tax rate. Their annual return on the stock position would have been 18.7% for 2018. Considering taxes, the compound net annual rate is 15%, or 18.7% times (1 - 20%).

## The Difference Between CNAR and Compound Annual Growth Rate - CAGR

The compound net annual rate makes the CAGR a stride further by considering taxes. If taking a gander at a long term holding period for an investment, an investor would utilize the compound annual growth rate to determine the annual rate of return and afterward change it for taxes to show up at the CNAR. CNAR and CAGR will be something similar on the off chance that the investment is tax-free, for example, with municipal bonds.

## Limitations of Using Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR

The specific tax rate or suggestions could not generally be known, or rates might change in view of the tax year —, for example, the case when tax reform happens. Computing the CNAR utilizing some unacceptable tax rate can tangibly affect the ending return. There's various taxes to consider and that must be accounted for, for example, capital gains, dividend and interest income taxes.

## Features

• An investment's return subsequent to accounting for taxes — like capital gains, dividends, and interest.
• CNAR and CAGR will be the equivalent while thinking about a tax free investment, like municipal bonds.
• Like the compound annual growth rate, however will generally forever be lower given tax suggestions.