Investor's wiki

Bank Guarantee

Bank Guarantee

What Is a Bank Guarantee?

A bank guarantee is a type of financial backstop offered by a lending institution. The bank guarantee means that the lender will guarantee that the liabilities of a debtor will be met. As such, in the event that the debtor neglects to settle a debt, the bank will cover it. A bank guarantee empowers the customer (or debtor) to secure goods, buy equipment, or draw down a loan.

Understanding Bank Guarantees

A bank guarantee is the point at which a lending institution vows to cover a loss in the event that a borrower defaults on a loan. The guarantee allows a company to buy what it in any case proved unable, helping business growth and advancing enterprising activity.

There are various types of bank guarantees, including direct and indirect guarantees. Banks regularly utilize direct guarantees in foreign or domestic business, issued directly to the beneficiary. Direct guarantees apply when the bank's security doesn't depend on the presence, legitimacy, and enforceability of the primary obligation.

People frequently pick direct guarantees for international and cross-border transactions, which can be all the more effortlessly adjusted to foreign legal systems and practices since they don't have form requirements.

Indirect guarantees happen most frequently in the export business, particularly when government agencies or public substances are the beneficiaries of the guarantee. Numerous countries don't acknowledge foreign banks and underwriters on account of legal issues or other form requirements. With an indirect guarantee, one purposes a subsequent bank, regularly a foreign bank with a head office in the beneficiary's country of domicile.

Instances of Bank Guarantees

Due to the overall idea of a bank guarantee, there are various sorts:

  • A payment guarantee guarantees a seller the purchase price is paid on a set date.
  • A advance payment guarantee acts as collateral for repaying advance payment from the buyer in the event that the seller doesn't supply the predetermined goods per the contract.
  • A credit security bond fills in as collateral for reimbursing a loan.
  • A rental guarantee fills in as collateral for rental agreement payments.
  • A confirmed payment order is an irrevocable obligation where the bank pays the beneficiary a set amount on a given date for the client's benefit.
  • A performance bond fills in as collateral for the buyer's costs incurred on the off chance that services or goods are not given as agreed in the contract.
  • A warranty bond fills in as collateral guaranteeing ordered goods are delivered as agreed.

For instance, Company A will be another restaurant that needs to buy $3 million in kitchen equipment. The equipment vendor requires Company A to give a bank guarantee to cover payments before they ship the equipment to Company A. Company A solicitations a guarantee from the lending institution keeping its cash accounts. The bank basically cosigns the purchase contract with the vendor.

The World Bank likewise offers a bank guarantee program. Project-based loan guarantees by the World Bank give commercial lenders security against payment default or inability to meet performance obligations by governments.


  • The guarantee gives extra risk to the lender, so loans with such a guarantee will accompany greater costs or interest rates.
  • A bank guarantee is the point at which a lending institution vows to cover a loss on the off chance that a borrower defaults on a loan.
  • Gatherings to a loan pick direct guarantees for international and cross-border transactions.


What Is the Financial Instrument for a Bank Guarantee?

The financial instrument utilized in a bank guarantee is called a banker's acceptance.

Do Banks in the U.S. Issue Bank Guarantees?

Banks in the U.S. frequently don't issue bank guarantees. All things being equal, they issue promissory notes, like standby letters of credit, that fill a similar need.

What Are the Different Types of Bank Guarantees?

There are two key types of bank guarantees — a financial bank guarantee and a performance guarantee. Financial bank guarantees are for debts owed, while performance-based guarantees are for obligations spread out in a contract, like specific tasks.