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Book-to-Market Ratio

Book-to-Market Ratio

What Is the Book-to-Market Ratio?

The book-to-market ratio is one indicator of a company's value. The ratio compares a firm's book value to its market value. A company's book value is calculated by taking a gander at the company's historical cost, or accounting value. A firm's market not entirely settled by its share price in the stock market and the number of shares it has outstanding, which is its market capitalization.

Understanding the Book-to-Market Ratio

The book-to-market ratio compares a company's book value to its market value. The book value is the value of assets minus the value of the liabilities. The market value of a company is the market price of one of its shares duplicated by the number of shares outstanding. The book-to-market ratio is a helpful indicator for investors who need to evaluate the value of a company.

The formula for the book-to-market ratio is the following:
Book-to-Market=Common Shareholders’ EquityMarket Cap\text=\frac{\text{Common Shareholders' Equity}}{\text}

What Does the Book-to-Market Ratio Tell You?

On the off chance that the market value of a company is trading higher than its book value per share, it is viewed as overvalued. In the event that the book value is higher than the market value, analysts believe the company to be undervalued. The book-to-market ratio is utilized to compare a company's net asset value or book value to its current or market value.

The book value of a firm is its historical cost or accounting value calculated from the company's balance sheet. Book value can be calculated by deducting total liabilities, preferred shares, and intangible assets from the total assets of a company. In effect, the book value addresses how much a company would have avoided in assets in the event that it went with regard to business today. A few analysts utilize the total shareholders' equity figure on the balance sheet as the book value.

The market value of a [publicly-exchanged company]) not entirely settled by computing its market capitalization, which is just the total number of shares outstanding increased by the current share price. The market value is the price that investors will pay to secure or sell the stock in the secondary markets. Since not entirely set in stone by supply and demand in the market, it doesn't necessarily address the real value of a firm.

Instructions to Use the Book-to-Market Ratio

The book-to-market ratio distinguishes undervalued or overvalued securities by taking the book value and separating it by the market value. The ratio decides the market value of a company relative to its genuine worth. Investors and analysts utilize this comparison ratio to separate between the true value of a public corporation and investor speculation.

In fundamental terms, on the off chance that the ratio is over 1, the stock is undervalued. Assuming it is under 1, the stock is thought of as overvalued. A ratio over 1 shows that the stock price of a company is trading for not exactly the worth of its assets. A high ratio is preferred by value managers who perceive it to mean that the company is a value stock — that is, it is trading efficiently in the market compared to its book value.

A book-to-market ratio below 1 suggests that investors will pay more for a company than its net assets are worth. This could demonstrate that the company has sound future profit projections and investors will pay a premium for that possibility. Technology companies and different companies in industries that have relatively little physical assets will more often than not have a low book-to-market ratio.

Difference Between the Book-to-Market Ratio and Market-to-Book Ratio

The market-to-book ratio, likewise called the price-to-book ratio, is the reverse of the book-to-market ratio. Like the book-to-market ratio, it looks to assess whether a company's stock is finished or undervalued by contrasting the market price of all outstanding shares with the net assets of the company.

A market-to-book ratio over 1 means that the company's stock is overvalued. A ratio below 1 shows that it could be undervalued; the reverse is the case for the book-to-market ratio. Analysts can utilize either ratio to run a comparison on the book and market value of a firm.


  • A high book-to-market ratio could mean that the market is esteeming the company's equity efficiently compared to its book value.
  • Numerous investors are know all about the price-to-book ratio, which is essentially the inverse of the book-to-market ratio formula.
  • The book-to-market ratio assists investors with finding a company's value by contrasting the firm's book value with its market value.