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Borrowed Servant Rule

Borrowed Servant Rule

What Is the Borrowed Servant Rule?

The borrowed servant rule is a legal doctrine demonstrating that an employer might be held liable for the activities of a transitory employee.

Understanding the Borrowed Servant Rule

The borrowed servant rule shifts liability from the worker's ordinary employer to the employer that is briefly borrowing the worker. The transitory employer, called the special employer, is responsible for directing crafted by the borrowed worker, and the borrowed worker offers types of assistance for the special employer instead of their ordinary employer. The transitory employer is accordingly in charge of the employee's activities.

All for instance, the manager of a flower vendor shop understands that the company will not have the option to deliver its orders in time since it can't load the truck with the number of faculty that it has. The manager asks the treats store manager next door on the off chance that they could spare two or three employees for a day. While loading the delivery truck, one of the borrowed employees slips and is harmed. Even however the harmed worker is certainly not a permanent employee, the flower vendor can be liable for the injury since there was an implied — though impermanent — contract between the flower vendor and the borrowed employee. The sweets store where the employee regularly works isn't held liable.

A connected doctrine is called the commander of the ship doctrine. This doctrine states that the manager in a special employer-borrowed employee relationship is responsible for the activities of the borrowed employee, even on the off chance that the manager isn't directly monitoring the employee. For instance, the manager might be in another room or offsite when the borrowed employee becomes harmed. This type of situation is otherwise called vicarious liability.

The borrowed Servant Rule in real life

The borrowed servant rule is most often found in worker's compensation insurance claims.

A point of law frequently shocks business owners. How, they figure, might they at any point be held responsible for the negligence of a worker to whom they don't pay wages, keep taxes, give benefits — somebody who is really employed by one more party to whom they have no association?

The courts have held that under borrowed servant this is the case, gave the business owner is given a contractual right to control both the work and how it's performed by the borrowed servant, and that control is really worked out. In the model over, the rule is met when the flower specialist shop owner points to the blossoms and the truck and sets the borrowed servant to chip away at Valentine's Day deliveries.

Deciding the Borrowed Servant Rule

The insurance industry ordinarily utilizes the responses to three inquiries to decide the suitability of insurance liability for the special employer. These three inquiries are point by point in Larson's Compensation Law, the definitive text used for worker compensation by and large. The inquiries are as per the following:

  1. Has the employee made a contract of hire, express or implied, with the special employer? Generally, has the direct employer chipped in or directed the employee to work for the special employer, and has the employee agreed to such assignment.
  2. Is the work being done basically that of the special employer (as talked about under the right of control)?
  3. Does the special employer reserve the option to control the subtleties of the work?


  • The borrowed servant rule is for the most part utilized in worker compensation claims.
  • The insurance industry utilizes the solutions to three inquiries point by point in Larson's Compensation Law to decide the liability of compensation.
  • The borrowed servant rule is a legal doctrine where an employer is held liable for the activities of a transitory employee.