Investor's wiki

Capped Rate

Capped Rate

What Is a Capped Rate?

A capped rate is a interest rate that is allowed to vacillate, yet which can't outperform a stated interest cap. A capped rate loan issues a starting interest rate that is normally a predetermined spread over a benchmark rate, for example, the federal funds rate.

Grasping a Capped Rate

Capped rates should furnish the borrower with a hybrid of a fixed and variable rate loan. The fixed part happens when the rate of the loan begins to go over the capped rate however the cap acts as a ceiling and keeps the loan rate from rising. The variable part comes from the loan's ability to climb (until it raises a ruckus around town) or down with market vacillations.

The capped rate structure additionally allows a protection to the lender in that they are able to participate in the market upside and receive higher interest rate payments up to the cap as rates increase.

Special Considerations

In the event that the variable rate on a comparative loan goes over the capped rate, the capped rate loan holder gets the benefit of not paying the extra portion. While this is a benefit, capped rate loans can have higher interest rates than a traditional fixed-rate loan. This is on the grounds that the lender passes up expanding interest payments assuming interest rates rise over the cap, and furthermore gets the short finish of the stick assuming rates fall below the starting interest rate.

For instance, a 10-year capped rate loan might be issued to a borrower at 6%, however with a capped rate of 9%. The interest rate can vary all over relying upon the activity of the underlying rate benchmark, yet can never go higher than the 9% capped rate.

Customarily, the capped rate on such loans might be limited to a certain period. For instance, the interest rate on adjustable-rate mortgages might be capped for the initial two to five years of the loan. Then, at that point, the rate of the loan can be changed to a pure floating rate or reset to a capped rate with another cap in light of market rates around then. This new capped rate can likewise then be reset periodically, typically at regular intervals.

The amount that the rate is adjusted by every year can likewise be capped so the rate can increase by a certain amount. At last, the adjustable-rate can in any case have an overall cap that addresses an absolute maximum interest rate after some other changes, caps on rate resets, or expiration of an initial fixed-rate are considered.

Illustration of a Capped Rate

For instance, the loan's rate may be fixed to the prime rate plus 2%. Then, the loan rate changes in view of the benchmark rate's movement. A capped rate limits the borrower's risk that market interest rates could rise while allowing them to benefit from falling rates.

Since the borrower pays for this by paying a higher adjustable rate than they would on a pure floating rate, the lender benefits by having the option to earn a higher rate on the loan during periods when market rates are low.


  • Capped rate loans can be structured in a wide range of ways, with different fixed and capped parts and limits on changes after some time.
  • Capped rates limit the borrower's risk of rising interest rates and allow the lender to earn a higher return when rates are low.
  • A capped rate is an interest rate on a loan that has a maximum limit on the rate incorporated into the loan.
  • A capped rate changes in view of a benchmark interest rate below the limits of the cap.