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Brand Equity

Brand Equity

What Is Brand Equity?

Brand equity alludes to a value premium that a company creates from a product with a recognizable name when compared to a generic equivalent. Companies can make brand equity for their products by making them memorable, effectively recognizable, and prevalent in quality and dependability. Mass marketing campaigns likewise help to make brand equity.

At the point when a company has positive brand equity, customers readily pay a high price for its products, even however they could get exactly the same thing from a contender for less. Customers, in effect, pay a price premium to work with a firm they know and admire. Since the company with brand equity doesn't cause a higher expense than its rivals to deliver the product and offer it for sale to the public, the difference in price goes to their margin. The firm's brand equity enables it to create a greater gain on every sale.

Figuring out Brand Equity

Brand equity has three fundamental parts: consumer insight, negative or positive effects, and the resulting value. Premier, consumer insight, which incorporates both information and experience with a brand and its products, expands brand equity. The discernment that a consumer segment holds about a brand directly brings about one or the other positive or negative effects. On the off chance that the brand equity is positive, the organization, its products, and its financials can benefit. Assuming the brand equity is negative, the inverse is true.

At long last, these effects can transform into either unmistakable or theoretical value. On the off chance that the effect is positive, unmistakable value is realized as increases in revenue or profits. Elusive value is realized in marketing as awareness or goodwill. Assuming the effects are negative, the unmistakable or elusive value is likewise negative. For instance, on the off chance that consumers will pay more for a generic product than for a branded one, the brand is said to have negative brand equity. This could occur in the event that a company has a major product recall or causes a widely publicized environmental disaster.

Brand equity is an extension of brand recognition, however more so than recognition, brand equity is the additional value in a specific name.

Effect on Profit Margins

At the point when customers join a level of quality or glory to a brand, they see that brand's products as being worth more than products made by contenders, so they will pay more. In effect, the market bears higher prices for brands that have high levels of brand equity. The cost of manufacturing a golf shirt and putting up it for sale to the public isn't higher, basically to a huge degree, for Lacoste than it is for a less reputable brand.

Nonetheless, in light of the fact that its customers will pay more, it can charge a higher price for that shirt, with the difference going to profit. Positive brand equity increases profit margin per customer since it permits a company to charge more for a product than contenders, even however it was gotten at a similar price.

[Brand equity straightforwardly affects sales](/rehash sales) volume since consumers incline toward products with great notorieties. For instance, when Apple releases another product, customers line up around the block to buy it even however it is generally priced higher than comparative products from contenders. One of the primary justifications for why Apple's products sell in such large numbers is that the company has amassed a stunning amount of positive brand equity. Since a certain percentage of a company's costs to sell products are fixed, higher sales volumes mean greater profit margins.

Customer retention is the third area wherein brand equity influences profit margins. Getting back to the Apple model, the vast majority of the company's customers don't possess just a single Apple product, they own several. Plus, they enthusiastically expect the next one's release. Apple's customer base is savagely faithful, here and there verging on zealous. Apple appreciates high customer retention, one more aftereffect of its brand equity. Holding existing customers increases profit margins by bringing down the amount a business needs to spend on marketing to accomplish similar sales volume. It costs less to hold an existing customer than to procure another one.

Real World Examples of Brand Equity

An overall illustration of a situation where brand equity is important is the point at which a company needs to extend its product line. Assuming the brand's equity is positive, the company can increase the probability that customers could buy its new product by partner the new product with an existing, effective brand. For instance, on the off chance that Campbell's releases another soup, the company is probably going to keep it under a similar brand name as opposed to designing another brand. The positive associations that customers as of now have with Campbell's make the new product more captivating than if the soup has a new brand name. Below are a few different instances of brand equity.


Made starting around 1955 by McNeil (presently a subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson), Tylenol is a first-line treatment for gentle to direct pain. EquiTrend studies show that consumers trust Tylenol over generic brands. Tylenol has had the option to develop its market with the manifestations of Tylenol Extra Strength, Tylenol Cold and Flu, Children's Tylenol, and Tylenol Sinus Congestion and Pain.

Kirkland Signature

Begun in 1995, the Kirkland Signature brand by Costco has kept up with positive growth, addressing a developing portion of the company's overall sales. Signature incorporates many things, including clothing, coffee, clothing cleanser, food, and drinks. Costco even gives individuals exclusive access to less expensive gasoline at its private gas stations. Adding to Kirkland's prevalence is the way that its products cost not exactly other name brands.


Rated the 6th most-respected company in the world by Fortune magazine in 2020, Starbucks is held in high respect for its pledge to social responsibility. With in excess of 31,000 stores around the globe in 2019, Starbucks stays the largest roaster and retailer of Arabica coffee beans and specially prepared coffees.


With a profit margin of 26.7% as of June 2020, Coca-Cola is in many cases rated the best soft drink brand in the world. Nonetheless, the brand itself addresses something other than the products — it's representative of positive experiences, a pleased history, even the U.S. itself. Likewise recognized for its unique marketing efforts, the Coca-Cola partnership all around the world affects its consumer engagement.


Porsche, a brand areas of strength for with in the automobile sector, holds its picture and dependability using high-quality, unique materials. Seen as a luxury brand, Porsche gives owners of its vehicles with a product as well as an experience. In comparison to other vehicle brands in its class, Porsche was the top luxury brand in 2020, as per U.S. News and World Report.

Tracking a Company's Success With Brand Equity

Brand equity is a major indicator of company strength and performance, explicitly in the public markets. Frequently, companies in a similar industry or sector contend on brand equity. For instance, two top companies — Home Depot and Lowe's Home Improvement — reliably rank as the main two hardware and home store brands in the Harris Poll EquiTrend's brands of the year list. The 2020 survey found that Lowe's was the top hardware company in terms of brand equity and Home Depot came in second. Nonetheless, in 2019, the jobs were turned around, with Home Depot prevailing over Lowe's for the best position.

A large part of brand equity in the hardware environment is consumer view of the strength of a company's [e-commerce](/web based business) business. Both Lowe's and Home Depot are industry leaders in this category. It was likewise found that, other than internet business, the two companies have high commonality among consumers, permitting them to additionally infiltrate the industry and increase their brand equity.


  • Brand equity has three essential parts: consumer insight, negative or positive effects, and the subsequent value.
  • Brand equity alludes to the value a company gains from its name recognition when compared to a generic equivalent.
  • Brand equity straightforwardly affects sales volume and a company's profitability since consumers incline toward products and services with great notorieties.
  • Frequently, companies in a similar industry or sector contend on brand equity.