Investor's wiki



What Is a Buy-Up?

A buy-up is a type of rebate associated with home mortgage loans. It includes the lender offering an upfront cash incentive to the borrower in exchange for accepting a higher interest rate on the loan.

Generally, buy-ups are more profitable to the borrower in the event that they hope to exchange the purchased property inside a short period of time. Significantly, the cash incentive can't surpass the settlement costs associated with the loan.

Understanding Buy-Ups

Buy-ups are commonly utilized by mortgage borrowers who wish to reduce their out-of-pocket loan settlement costs. Since the buy-up brings about a higher interest rate on the loan, the borrower is successfully borrowing money at that higher rate and utilizing it to pay for some or all of the settlement costs.

Since the higher interest rate applies to the whole balance of the mortgage, selecting a buy-up is generally just prudent in the event that the borrower doesn't expect to hold on to the mortgage for an extended period of time. In these circumstances, the upfront cash incentive could more than offset the increased interest at any point cost, taking into account that those interest costs might be borne for a limited period of time.

One more consideration to know about is that buy-ups are likewise some of the time paid to mortgage brokers. In these circumstances, the broker can really be boosted to urge borrowers to acknowledge above-market rates on their mortgage loans, which are otherwise called yield spread premiums (YSPs). On the off chance that these buy-up arrangements are not obviously revealed to the buyer, they can make a conflict of interest between the two gatherings.

Before 2010, mortgage brokers' buy-up rebates were often clouded in the loan terms of the mortgages they sold, making it hard for borrowers to identify when they were paying a YSP on their mortgage loans. From that point forward, changes in federal rules for new loan gauges expect that mortgage brokers' YSPs be obviously unveiled to the buyer.

Notwithstanding these improvements, be that as it may, the risk of potential conflicts actually remains. In particular, buy-up rebates and other such incentives are additionally at times given to loan officers inside the lending institutions themselves. In these conditions, there might be minimal reasonable ability for the borrower to distinguish whether the rates they pay are impacted by these incentives. As a safety measure, borrowers ought to ask careful and direct inquiries to their loan officers about which, if any, incentive programs are in place as to their loan.

Real World Example of a Buy-Up

To illustrate, consider a buyer who wishes to secure a $100,000 mortgage. The standard interest rate offered by the bank is 4.50%. In any case, the buyer wishes to go through a buy rebate equivalent to 2.50% of the loan value. In that scenario, the buyer would receive a cash incentive of $2,500 in exchange for accepting a higher than normal interest rate.

Albeit the specific level of the new interest rate would be subject to negotiation, the ordinary formula is for every percentage of the rebate to bring about a 0.25% increase to the mortgage interest rate. Consequently, in the above model, the 2.50% cash incentive would bring about a 0.625% rate increase. The new interest rate would in this manner be 5.125%.


  • A buy-up is a type of rebate wherein the borrower of a mortgage loan acknowledges a higher interest rate in exchange for an upfront cash incentive.
  • The relationship between the size of the cash incentive and the amount of the interest increase is negotiated between the lender and the borrower. Nonetheless, a commonplace formula is for every percentage of the cash incentive to make a 0.25% increase the interest rate.
  • Buy-ups are additionally here and there paid to mortgage brokers and to bank loan officers. Borrowers must thusly be careful to decide if the interest rate quoted to them has been impacted by any such arrangements.